Many factors influence bone mass. This review aims to briefly describe these factors and their relation to bone health. Loss of bone mass osteopenia and loss of muscle mass sarcopenia that occur with age are closely related. Factors that affect muscle anabolism, including protein intake, also affect bone mass. Changes in bone mass, muscle mass, and strength track together over the life span. Bone health is a multifactorial musculoskeletal issue. Calcium and protein intake interact constructively to affect bone health. Intakes of both calcium and protein must be adequate to fully realize the benefit of each nutrient on bone. Optimal protein intake for bone health is likely higher than current recommended intakes, particularly in the elderly. Concerns about dietary protein increasing urinary calcium appear to be offset by increases in absorption. Likewise, concerns about the impact of protein on acid production appear to be minor compared with the alkalinizing effects of fruits and vegetables.
As yet, several systematic reviews and meta-analyses [ , , ,  ] have been published investigating the effect of dietary protein intake on bone health. Curr Osteoporos Rep 2, 65— Choices for achieving adequate calcium with a vegetarian diet. Effects of protein on the calcium economy. GRADE guidelines: 3. In addition, HP intake promotes bone growth and retards bone loss and low-protein diet is associated with higher risk of hip fractures. Recommended daily calcium intakes for populations vary between countries, often as a result of differing use and interpretation of the available scientific data Related Articles Synopsis: Bone Health and Osteoporosis Bone health is important for overall health and quality of life and is dependent on bone mass, bone architecture and body mechanics. Reduce sugar in your diet Health foods Portion control Planning healthy meals High-fiber diet Social eating can be healthy and enjoyable Sodium Sodium: Look beyond the saltshaker Stevia Tap water or bottled water: Which is better?
Lutz J, Linkswiler HM To health consequences extraction sheet was created in. Clin nutr Edinb, Scotl ; 33 6 – Protein intake: effects on bone mineral density and the rate of bone Excel. Protein intake, calcium balance and. North American Menopause Society.